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GAME STRATEGIES AS COMPONENTS
OF THE INDIVIDUAL KNOWLEDGE STRUCTURE
Igor O. Aleksandrov, Natalia E. Maksimova
Institute of Psychology RAS, Moscow
Irina V. Tikhomirova
Psychological Institute RAE, Moscow
Elena V. Filippova
Moscow City Psychological-Pedagogic University
The study was intended to reveal some characteristics of game strategies, inflexible (IS) and flexible (FS) ones, correlating them with the content of a game, their formation in Ss of different ages and development of logic operations (in children). Ss (N=149) aged from 6 to 25 have acquired a competency in strategic game for two players with full information and zero sum (tic-tac-toe on the board 15x15). Special algorithms were used to formal quantitative description of game acts and strategies as components of the individual knowledge structure. Children aged from 6 to 13 have solved Piagetian tasks (conservation, class inclusion and others). The number and length of IS positively correlate with number of winning games, but not lost ones, whereas number and length of FS negatively correlate with number of lost games, but not winning ones. The number of FS in distinction from IS close correlates with efficacy of Piagetian tasks solving. The supposition is possible that increase of FS number is related with decrease of egocentricity.
1. /Nagel_The Structure of science_ Introduction_p1-14.doc
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